How the Internet works

Everyone surely wondered how the Internet works. I know that there are routers, IP addresses, domain names, but how is it that the Internet operates on a global scale?.

My description is descriptive and illustrative. A detailed description of this phenomenon is a subject for at least a doctoral essay, and I’m not so fluent in this topic.

In my opinion beginning of the internet was the time of the Cold War, the great technological rivalry.

In 1967, American military agency DARPA creates and funds… a network called ARPANET

Initially, this network was used by the government in military and scientific purposes. Then, in 1980 part of the network was separated and dedicated to the public purposes, which we now call the Internet.

In the next part of my research on the internet topic , I wonder… over the question, who owns the Internet? and whether such a concept exists….. For this reason, I concentrated on the development of the internet and relationships with governmental organizations.

For the development of internet technology corresponds appointed by DARPA Research group – IETF, The Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF®)

,,The goal of the IETF is to make the Internet work better,, – from IETF web

The mission of the IETF is to make the Internet work better by producing high quality, relevant technical documents that influence the way people design, use, and manage the Internet. The aim of the group is to develop standards and guidelines in the form of RFCs(document series contain technical and organizational notes about the Internet.) Officially approved RFC becomes the benchmark for hardware and software using the Internet.

It can be noted that these association originates from governmental organizations but in nowadays IETF is informal, open to everyone and worldwide.

Next formation of which I want to mention is a non-profit ICANN it is a not-for-profit partnership of people from all over the world dedicated to keeping the Internet secure, stable and interoperable. – https://www.icann.org/get-started

This organization is responsible for IP addresses … and especially one of its groups ANA, which the US government passed a temporary right of supervision over the allocation of IP addresses.

The world has been divided into 5 regions and with the second-level organizations: AfriNIC (Africa), APNIC (Asia-Pacific), ARIN (North America), LACNIC (South and Central America) and RIPE NCC (Europe, the Middle East and Central Asia ) with its registered office in Amsterdam.

The answer to the question is not-to-end meaningless “who owns the Internet” should be easier now;-) everyone is entitled to their own conclusions …. mine are more directed at governments of the European Union and the United States.

 

 

 

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